One of the main outcomes of this process is a greatly improved knowledge of human micronutrient requirements, which is a crucial step in understanding the importance of micronutrient malnutrition for public health and identifying the most appropriate measures to prevent it. This process has also involved successive expert consultations and publications conducted jointly by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), the World Health Organization (WHO) and the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) to provide up-to-date knowledge and set standards for micronutrient requirements. ABSTRACT: This article examines the risk of vitamin A deficiency in some pregnant women in Ngaoundere, Adamaoua region, Cameroon. A total of one hundred (100 pregnant women) who participated in antenatal visits to Ngaoundere Regional Hospital participated in a 2012 survey that used a 24-hour dietary recall to assess their food intake. Food patterns were used to support memory and portion sizes of ingested foods. Carotenoids have been quantified in commonly consumed meals, as have protein, sugar, fiber, and oil, nutrients that interfere with carotenoid absorption and vitamin A metabolism. The results showed that dietary intake of vitamin A was insufficient, with 37.5% of selected pregnant women exposed to acute vitamin A deficiency, while 20% of them were exposed to the severe form. Daily vitamin A intake was approximately 539.09 ± 43.09 μg, which corresponds to a 67.39% contribution to the vitamin A requirements of pregnant women. Dietary intake of macronutrients was also inadequate with a daily intake of 57.28 ± 12 g for oils, 177.88 ± 29 g for sugar, 47.34 ± 11 g for protein and 11.28 ± 3 g for fibre, representing respectively 63.6%, 70.8%, 78.90% and 45.1% of these nutritional requirements among these women. Given that more than 50% of the women surveyed have been exposed to vitamin A deficiency, there is an urgent need for intervention programmes in the region to address this situation. WHO, FAO (2004) Requirements of vitamins and minerals in human nutrition. 2nd edition, World Health Organization, Geneva.
This book presents the results of the consultation, combined with recent evidence that has since become available to answer a series of questions that were unclear or controversial at the time of the consultation, based on the best available scientific information. Recognizing this rapidly evolving field and the significant new progress made since the last publications in 1996, FAO and WHO considered it appropriate to convene a new expert consultation to reassess the role of micronutrients in human health and nutrition. This happened in September 1998. AUTHORS: Nobuko Murayama, Mieko Magami, Salima Akter, Israt Ara Hossain, Liaquat Ali, Mahmud Hossain Faruquee, Sk Akhtar Ahmad JOURNAL NAME: Food and Nutrition Sciences, Vol.5 No.21, 20 November 2014 KEYWORDS: vitamin A intake, dietary intake, vitamin A deficiency, pregnant women, ngaoundere AUTHORS: Damndja Wilfred Ngaha, Edith N. Fombang, Richard Aba Ejoh Over the past 20 years, micronutrients have become of great importance to public health. As a result, extensive research has been conducted to better understand their physiological role and the health consequences of micronutrient-deficient diets, to establish criteria for determining the public health severity of micronutrient malnutrition, and to develop prevention and control strategies. TITEL: A pilot programme of school meals using local foods with soy in rural Bangladesh: effects on the nutritional status of children TITLE: Dietary intake of vitamin A and macronutrients among pregnant women in the city of Ngaoundere, Adamawa region, Cameroon.